Patient Education

New FDA Approval: Subcutaneous Testosterone Pen

New FDA Approval: Subcutaneous Testosterone Pen

FDA has now approved the first subcutaneous testosterone auto-injector pen (Xyosted) for symptomatic patients with low testosterone levels. It is self-administered once weekly. It comes in three doses, 50 mg, 75, and 100 mg. Recommended starting dose is 75 mg per week. It can increase blood pressure, thus caution is advised in patients predisposed to hypertension and those at increased risk for cardiovascular events. Patients need to be monitor carefully after its initiation. Xyosted is not approved for women or males younger than age 18.

GT

Intramuscular testosterone injection

Intramuscular testosterone injection

Patients with low testosterone levels could have decreased libido, erections and stamina. They could also suffer from reduced bone mass, muscle mass, and physical capacity. Intramuscular testosterone injection is an efficient and safe way to help patients with testosterone deficiency. The following video shows how to self-administer the testosterone injection.

GT

Mortality and CVD in patients with diabetes type 1 and type 2

Mortality and CVD in patients with diabetes type 1 and type 2

In Sweden from 1998 through 2014, mortality and the incidence of cardiovascular outcomes declined substantially among persons with diabetes, although fatal outcomes declined less among those with type 2 diabetes than among controls. 

Patients with type 1 diabetes had roughly 40% greater reduction in cardiovascular outcomes than controls, and patients with type 2 diabetes had roughly 20% greater reduction than controls. Reductions in fatal outcomes were similar in patients with type 1 diabetes and controls, whereas patients with type 2 diabetes had smaller reductions in fatal outcomes than controls.

NEJM

Sotagliflozin effects on diabetes type 1

Sotagliflozin effects on diabetes type 1

Among patients with type 1 diabetes who were receiving insulin, the proportion of patients who achieved a glycated hemoglobin level lower than 7.0% with no severe hypoglycemia or diabetic ketoacidosis was larger in the group that received sotagliflozin than in the placebo group. However, the rate of diabetic ketoacidosis was higher in the sotagliflozin group.

NEJM

How to use trulicity pen for diabetes

How to use trulicity pen for diabetes

Trulicity is a GLP-1 receptor agonist. It increases intracellular cAMP in beta cells leading to glucose-dependent insulin release. It also decreases glucagon secretion and slows gastric emptying.

Trulicity is supplied as a solution for subcutaneous injection. The recommended initiating dose is 0.75 mg once weekly. The maximum recommended dose is 1.5 mg once weekly. Administered once weekly, any time of day, with or without food. Trulicity should be injected subcutaneously in the abdomen, thigh, or upper arm.

FDA

Frailty and exercise in aging population

Frailty and exercise in aging population

A structured exercise program was not associated with a decreased risk for frailty among older adults. However, the beneficial effect of the exercise program on reducing major mobility disability was not affected by whether the participants were frail at baseline.

AIM